"Learning DNS its Privacy"
Internet Society Liberia Chapter Invites you to attend a WEBINAR on "Learning DNS its Privacy". Objective: It is important to learn those techniques for improving end-user DNS privacy protection that prevents DNS from exposing information about networks or websites users visit and the people users communicate with. DNS translates domain names to IP addresses so browsers can load Internet resources. Each device connected to the Internet has a unique IP address that other machines use to find the device. Since DNS does not implement any mechanisms to provide confidentiality to DNS transactions, all DNS queries and responses are sent in the clear, and therefore, all nodes that process the queries including the recursive resolver and the various authoritative DNS servers will be able to log the original query. Therefore, any nodes that process the query packets, that is, any intervening routers can also access the original query. Since the recursive resolver resends the original query to each authoritative server it contacts, the original query is leaked to them, unnecessarily, as well making the DNS unprotected. Time: July 7, 2021, at 1:00pm – 3:00pm UTC Why Attend? Because DNS has been largely unencrypted allowing everyone between a device and the resolver to be able to snoop on or modify DNS queries and responses; so, you need to know how encryption can help in solving such a problem. Because DNS messages are unprotected, other attacks are possible on a network where queries could be directed to a resolver that performs DNS hijacking by redirecting users to a search page that returns a fake response for a domain that does not exist. You need to know how encryption can rescue the DNS in the process. Because attending this webinar will prepare you for the training coming up on DNSSEC with hands-on in labs environment using Linux or UNIX OS. Who should Attend? Regulators Policymakers Systems Engineers Software Engineers Networks Administrators IT professionals IT Instructors Educators IT Students Those interested in knowing about DNS Privacy and DNSSEC.
"Encryption Rescues DNS Privacy"
Internet Society Liberia Chapter Invited chapter members and non members to attend a WEBINAR on "Encryption Rescues DNS Privacy". Where about 100 applications were received from interested applicants. The webinar took place as scheduled with 2/3 of registered participants present. Objective: The objective of this webinar was to prepare the participants in learning the fundamental concepts of encryption (cryptography) necessary to better understanding DNSSEC coming up in webinar series with hand on the application in a Labs environment. Registration was free at: https://tinyurl.com/2wrb6dhk or https://isoc.zoom.us/meeting/register/tJMpfuqgrTwoE9ZVXM-4Tp38Bj_39FRsAy8v. Time: June 17, 2021 at 1:00pm – 2:00pm UTC Where: Online at ZOOM Conference Center Why Attended? Because DNS has been largely unencrypted allowing everyone between a device and the resolver to be able to snoop on or modify DNS queries and responses; so, the participants must know how encryption can help in solving such a problem. Because DNS messages are unprotected, other attacks are possible on a network where queries could be directed to a resolver that performs DNS hijacking by redirecting users to a search page that returns a fake response for a domain that does not exist. Participants must know how encryption can rescue the DNS in the process. Because attending this webinar prepared participants for the webinar series coming up on DNSSEC with hand on in labs environment using UNIX OS. Who needed to Attend? Systems Engineers Software Engineers Networks Administrators IT professionals IT Instructors Educators IT Students Those interested in knowing about Encryption and DNS Privacy
Cyber Security Seminar Webinar - Day 1
Cyber Security Education and Training Seminar The Internet Society Liberia Chapter in collaboration with the Liberia Telecommunication Authority and the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications pleased to request your institution delegates from your Information Technology (IT) Department to attend a Cybersecurity Education and Training Seminar that is slated for 18th – 19th March 2021, commencing at 9:00 A.M. The 18th will be conducted virtually on ZOOM. The registration can be done at https://internetsociety.org.lr/events, and 19th in-person at the Corina Hotel. It is observed that Liberia’s critical national Internet infrastructures and non-critical infrastructures depend on information networks for their operability. The ability to prevent effective cyber-attacks against a nation’s critical infrastructure depends on the availability of a skilled cyber-literate workforce, and therefore, on an educational system that can build such capabilities. This two days comprehensive cybersecurity training will cover everything from core terminology to how computers and networks function, security policies, cybersecurity strategy, risk management, a new way of looking at passwords, cryptographic principles, network attacks & malware, wireless security, firewalls, security technologies and tools, web, browser security, backups, virtual machines, and cloud security. As we all strive to make Liberia a Digital Economy with Telecommunications/ICT tools being the vehicle by which socio economic development is achieved, the importance of the Cybersecurity Education and Training cannot be over emphasized.
Cyber Security Seminar In-Person - Day 2
Cyber Security Education and Training Seminar The Internet Society Liberia Chapter in collaboration with the Liberia Telecommunication Authority and the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications pleased to request your institution delegates from your Information Technology (IT) Department to attend a Cybersecurity Education and Training Seminar that is slated for 18th – 19th March 2021, commencing at 9:00 A.M. The 18th will be conducted virtually on ZOOM. The registration can be done at https://internetsociety.org.lr/events, and 19th in-person at the Corina Hotel. It is observed that Liberia’s critical national Internet infrastructures and non-critical infrastructures depend on information networks for their operability. The ability to prevent effective cyber-attacks against a nation’s critical infrastructure depends on the availability of a skilled cyber-literate workforce, and therefore, on an educational system that can build such capabilities. This two days comprehensive cybersecurity training will cover everything from core terminology to how computers and networks function, security policies, cybersecurity strategy, risk management, a new way of looking at passwords, cryptographic principles, network attacks & malware, wireless security, firewalls, security technologies and tools, web, browser security, backups, virtual machines, and cloud security. As we all strive to make Liberia a Digital Economy with Telecommunications/ICT tools being the vehicle by which socio economic development is achieved, the importance of the Cybersecurity Education and Training cannot be over emphasized.
Sustainability and Strengthening of LIXPA

On March 3, 2015 the Internet Service Providers (ISP) and the Internet Society Liberia Chapter (ISOC) signed an Article of Incorporation and Peering Agreement for the establishment of Liberia Internet Exchange Point Association (LIXPA). (See attachment)

 

Engineers from all GSM companies and Cable Consortium of Liberia (CCL) were designated to work immediately and prepare for the IXP Hosting at CCL.  These engineers worked to understand Space requirement, size of rack, wiring, Backhauling, Minimum router spec and configuration. An IP address was attained from AFRINIC to host clients on the IXP.            

 

The Liberia internet Exchange Points was officially launched on August 6, 2015 with the Vice President of Liberia serving as key note speaker.  The program was graced by CEOs and DCEOs of GSM companies, Senators and Representatives committees on Telecommunications, Ministers of Post and Telecommunications and the Board of Commissioners of the Liberia Telecommunications Authority.

 

Since the Launching of the IXP, LIXPA have attracted other ISPs in and out of Liberia. By June 2018, search giant GOOGLE cached at the Liberia Internet Exchange Point. Some smaller ISP’s have also been attracted to LIXPA.

 

All peering parties and ISOC-     Liberia Chapter have signed a comprehensive By-law and Constitution to help with the management of LIXPA. (See attachment)

 

Top Object

Major objectives of LIXPA are:

Ø  The proper management of LIXPA through coordination and cooperation from all stakeholders in telecommunications sector of Liberia.

Ø  Raise additional revenues while simultaneously speeding local data exchange, and most importantly;

Ø  Encouraging the development of locally hosted content and services.

o   Locally hosted content and services cannot be developed in the absence of Liberia Country Code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) (lr.).

o   Acquiring .lr domain name is a serious challenge which most local enterprises are not prepare to undergo thereby swaying to generic Domain Names. (.com, .net , .org)

Challenges

Major challenges facing LIXP are:

Ø  Getting peering parties to commit to resolving liabilities for the viability and sustainability of the IXP.

Ø  Getting peering parties key decision makers to attend meetings that would strengthen the management of the IXP.

Ø  Getting peering parties to agree to procure needed equipment for the betterment of the IXP. Ex. Stats Server for tracking user usage, and genuine Bandwidth Management tool which gives opportunity to monitor the peering switch traffic.

Ø  Content currently on the IXP is low or no existent.

Recommendation

Ø  Carrying out awareness on the importance of the IXP; there are limited or no awareness of an IXP in Liberia

Ø  Involve more key stakeholders

Ø  LIXP should have full time management staff (skeleton staff)

Ø  Regulator (LTA) should play more active role than monitoring to help enforcement the governance of the IXP.

Conclusion

LTA, the Regulatory Authority has been playing de-facto management role in the absence of a governance structure regarding LIXPA. With the By-law and Constitution which defines the management structure in place, the transitional plan is to transfer management responsibility to an interim management team.

The task of the interim team is to facilitate election among LIXPA among members. This exercise is expected to take place in the next four (4) months. Following that, LTA  will be playing only advisory role.

 

Induction Ceremony of LIXPA
The induction ceremony at Mamba Point Hotel of LIXPA was attended by the President of ISOC Liberia, making remarks, he emphasized on the need of low cost to internet to enable the connection of the unconnected. Liberia internet exchange point association (LIXPA) officials elected (MTN, chair, K3, vice chair, Powernet, SG, and Libtelco, Treasurer). Program marked the Certification & Induction of the newly elected Officials of the Liberia Internet Exchange Point Association (LIXPA). The program was hosted on November 19, 2020.
Internet School of Governance Webinar - Day 1
The Liberia National Internet Governance Forum will play a pivotal role in enhancing public participation in public policy development in Liberia. The National Internet Governance forum in many parts of the World has not only introduced new forms of ensuring public participation such as remote participation with the support of International organizations such as the Internet Society and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and numbers which have equally been embraced by the government, private sector, technical community academia and media, it has also built the capacity of many actors from diverse areas in the private sector, civil society, academia and the media on how to engage with other stakeholders in public policy development processes through a multi stakeholder approach. It is for this reason that the Liberia School of Internet Governance was conceptualized to bring new voices into the Internet Governance debate.
Internet School of Governance In-Person - Day 2
The Liberia National Internet Governance Forum will play a pivotal role in enhancing public participation in public policy development in Liberia. The National Internet Governance forum in many parts of the World has not only introduced new forms of ensuring public participation such as remote participation with the support of International organizations such as the Internet Society and the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and numbers which have equally been embraced by the government, private sector, technical community academia and media, it has also built the capacity of many actors from diverse areas in the private sector, civil society, academia and the media on how to engage with other stakeholders in public policy development processes through a multi stakeholder approach. It is for this reason that the Liberia School of Internet Governance was conceptualized to bring new voices into the Internet Governance debate.
Internet Society Liberia Chapter Webinar - Day 1
Throughout our lives, we are using devices that take us online, transact business, communicate with people, share data, do video processing, do our jobs, and even connect other devices to communicate with each other. In contrast, other people in our society do not have the means to communicate through similar devices due to either inability to acquire them or lack of purchasing power to data for internet access. The connection of these people is also important to form a part of sharing the same experience of those having the possibilities for connectivity to access information and share. There is also a need for internet service providers (ISPs) to focus on end-users data protection. ISPs should play a positive role in protecting end-users ' information and communication.
Internet Society Liberia Chapter Webinar - Day 2
Throughout our lives, we are using devices that take us online, transact business, communicate with people, share data, do video processing, do our jobs, and even connect other devices to communicate with each other. In contrast, other people in our society do not have the means to communicate through similar devices due to either inability to acquire them or lack of purchasing power to data for internet access. The connection of these people is also important to form a part of sharing the same experience of those having the possibilities for connectivity to access information and share. There is also a need for internet service providers (ISPs) to focus on end-users data protection. ISPs should play a positive role in protecting end-users ' information and communication.

Powerpoint presentation containing video, explaining the importance of establishing a community network.

Sangai P. Moliwulo

https://internetsociety.org.lr/isoc-presentation_sangai_initiative/

Powerpoint presentation containing video, explaining How to build community community network in Liberia.

Foldestine Paye
INITIATIVE: BUILDING WIRELESS COMMUNITY NETWORK

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Martin Sandikie  
INITIATIVE: Shaping the Internet